UUttarakhand, formerly Uttaranchal, is actually a state in the northern part of India. It is sometimes called the “Land of theGods” Devbhoomi Uttarakhand (Hindi: ???????) because of the many holy Hindu temples and pilgrimage centres found throughout the state. Devbhoomi Uttarakhand is known for its natural splendor of the| Himalayas, the Bhabhar as well as the Terai. On 9 November 2000, this 27th state of the Republic of India was carved out of the Himalayan and adjoining northwestern districts of Uttar Pradesh. It borders the Tibet Autonomous Region on the north; the Mahakali Zone of the Far-Western Region, Nepal on the east; and the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh to the south and Himachal Pradesh to the northwest. Their state is split into two divisions, Garhwal and Kumaon, with a total of 13 districts. The provisional capital of Uttarakhand is Dehradun, the largest city in the region, that is a railhead. The high court of the state is in Nainital.
Archaeological evidence support the existence of humans in the region since prehistoric times. Among the initial major dynasties of Garhwal and Kumaon were the Kunindas inside the 2nd century BCE who practised an early type of Shaivism. Ashokan edicts at Kalsi show the first presence of Buddhism in this area. Through the medieval period the location was consolidated under the Kumaon and Garhwal kingdom. By 1803 the region fell towards the Gurkha Empire of Nepal with the conclusion of the Anglo-Nepalese War in 1816 most of modern Uttarakhand was ceded to the British within the Treaty of Sugauli. Even though erstwhile hill kingdoms of explore uttarakhand devbhumi tourism were traditional rivals, the proximity of various neighbouring ethnic groups and the inseparable and complementary nature of the geography, economy, culture, language, and traditions created strong bonds in between the two regions which further strengthened during the movement for statehood in the 1990s.
The natives in the state are usually called either Garhwali or Kumaoni depending on their host to origin. According to the 2011 census of India, Uttarakhand features a population of 10,116,752, making it the 19th most populous state in India. A big portion of the population contains Rajputs and Brahmins. A lot more than 88% in the population follow Hinduism. Muslims are the largest minority in the state with Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists, and Jains being one other major religions. Garhwali and Kumaoni together with other hilly dialects and sub-dialects are the main regional languages, whereas Hindi is regarded as the widely spoken language. Uttarakhand is definitely the only state in India with Sanskrit as one of its official languages.
Two of the most important rivers in Hinduism originate in the area, the Ganga at Gangotri as well as the Yamuna at Yamunotri. These two together with Badrinath and Kedarnath constitute the Chota Char Dham, a holy pilgrimage for the Hindus. The state hosts the Bengal tiger in Jim Corbett National Park, the oldest national park from the Indian subcontinent. The optskj of Flowers, a Unesco World Heritage Site found in the upper expanses of Bhyundar Ganga near Joshimath in Gharwal region, is known for the variety and rarity of their flowers and plants.
Each district is governed by way of a district commissioner or district magistrate. The districts are further split into sub-divisions, which are governed by sub-divisional magistrates; sub-divisions comprise blocks containing panchayats (village councils) and town municipalities. According to the 2011 census, Haridwar, Dehradun, and Udham Singh Nagar are definitely the most populous districts, all of them using a population of over one million.
Devbhimu Uttarakhand has special reason to rejoice and celebrate as this land has, since the past, been the land of Gods and sages. The land where the excellent arts of life like yoga and meditation emanated from. It really has been the place to find legendary sages like Ved Vyas and Rabhya Rishi.
This land of the gods has several sites that link it for the Ramayana as well as the Mahabharata. The fantastic Dronacharya meditated on the banks in the Tonnes river inside the Doon valley while the tenth Sikh Guru, Gobind Singh, meditated at Hemkund lake which finds mention in “Bachitra Natak”, the autobiography of Guru Gobind Singh. Hemkund is also thought to be lokpal, a spot existing through the times of Ramayana. It is known that lokpal was where lakshman sat on meditation. lokpal continues to be associated with lakshman, as being his favorite place. There are many stories about lakshman and his awesome attachment with this place. Additionally it is thought that lakshman meditated with this lake and regained health after being wounded by Meghnad, son of Ravana. Including the Ganga, that has been part of our country’s history, religion and culture since times immemorial, reflects a maturity, serenity and calmness as it flows through Rishikesh and Hardwar. The mighty river itself seems to be in deep meditation within these two sacred cities